Српски језик - Вокабулар форум
Srpski jezik - Vokabular forum

О српском језику и култури => Антиправила => Тему започео: OMali на 14.57 ч. 22.03.2013.



Наслов: Gramatičke kategorije, klase riječi, sintaktičke funkcije i gramatičke relacije
Порука од: OMali на 14.57 ч. 22.03.2013.
 Osnovni problem sa zbrkom sintaktičkih kategorija i funkcija u našim gramatikama je bio prisutan i u engleskom jeziku. U ovom tekstu http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/~gpullum/ZAA_final_proof.pdf jedan od ko-autora Cambridge Grammara, Geoffrey Pullum lijepo izlaže ovaj problem i objašnjava razlike izmedju ovih pojmova. Evo zapažanja iz uvodnog dijela teksta koja su apsolutno validna i kad su u pitanju naše gramatike i nauka o jeziku:

Цитат
1. The primary confusion
Most of the deepest blunders in English grammar as traditinally presented over the past two or three centuries stem from a single longstanding confusion be­tween (i) grammatical categories or word classes; (ii) syntactic functions or grammatical relations; and (iii) semantic and discourse-related notions.
It is surprising to see the tenacity of this confusion. It does not appear in other domains. People do not confuse butter knives with screwdrivers, even though occasionally someone who cannot find a screwdriver may use a butter knife to turn a screw. Yet in grammar people just cannot keep syntactically rele­vant categories or classes of words separate from the relational properties they have w hen used in particular constructions, and cannot keep either separate from meaning. They insist on trying to define the first of these in terms of the other two, and they have done so since the very earliest attempts to write grammars of English.


Prevešću kad opet budem slobodan da zgubidanim na vokabular forumu.